Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the chart below, which shows the change in the percentage of readers who have got an experience of reading digital books between 2008 and 2015. You should summarize the chart first and then explain the reasons behind it. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
As is shown in the graph, the proportion of readers that experienced digital reading has risen constantly for 7 years from 2008 to 2015. On the initial stage, the percentage stayed at 24.5%. After that, it increased smoothly, from 24.6% to 40.3%. The percentage first reached over 50% in 2013, and it then climbed up sharply by 14% and finally reached its summit 64%.
The growth of the ratio reveals a new trend that nowadays people prefer reading in a digital way. Behind the phenomenon are some reasons accounting for it. In the first place, the rapid development of technology brings more digital reading devices and books into our reach, which makes our reading handy and easy. What comes then is that people attach more importance to reading—whether it is reading from screens or from printed materials—as a way to acquire information which represents perhaps the greatest asset in a knowledge economy. In addition, the fast-paced life squeezes our chunks of time into pieces. There is no doubt that portable devices fit this circumstance better.
To summarize, this trend will absolutely continue and our reading habit is bound to change with the advance of technology.
initial意为最初的。当图表中表达上升趋势时，可用increase smoothly(平稳上升)，climb up sharply(急速上升)来表达。summit为顶峰，峰值。表示比例的单词除了percentage，还有ratio。 account for 是表示原因的动词词组。bring sth. into one’s reach表示触手可及。attach importance to sth. 多用于主动和被动语态，表重视。asset 意为财产、资产、有价值的人或物。squeeze表示挤压。chunks of time表示大量的时间。
Directions: Write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then comment on the topic Studying in Colleges or Through Internet. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
As is vividly shown in the cartoon, a man is sitting beside a computer, saying that he believes studying via internet is better while the woman is against his opinion. With the popularity of online course, studying through internet draws our attention to the dilemma between traditional college education and jumped-up online education.
Some people are in favor of studying via internet for its convenience and flexibility. Students can have courses without the restrictions of time and space. Also the flexibility of choosing courses can satisfy various requirements of students whose academic performance differ from each other. Others prefer studying in college because face-to-face courses make it easier for teachers to solve students’ puzzles and pass on more knowledge according to students’ interest. At the same time, students can be more engaged in the class.
All in all, both ways of study bring us different benefits. We should make the most of different ways and have a better command of them. Only in this way can we study more efficiently and achieve a better academic performance.
draw one’s attention表示吸引某人的注意力。dilemma表示进退维谷，两难境地。in favor of sth. 常用来表示倾向于，前面和系动词搭配使用较多。flexibility表示弹性，灵活性，形容词为flexible，比如My schedule is quite flexible。satisfy表示满足，可以和requirement、interest、needs、 desire等表示要求、欲望的宾语搭配。academic performance为固定搭配，表示学习成绩。puzzle意为疑问。pass on 表示传递，后面经常跟的宾语有knowledge、skill。 make the most of sth. 表示充分利用某事。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on whether college graduates should choose to be high-paid manual workers or low-paid white collar workers. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
From this picture, we can see the left one stands for the welfare of the migrant workers in which only one man stands, while the right one represents that of college graduates, where people squeeze with sweats to keep a foothold.
There are two factors responsible for the phenomenon depicted in the picture. First, considering their long-term mental education, college students may think manual work is too hard and dull compared with mental work. Second, it’s quite natural that the students are affected by the hierarchy of jobs when making choices, for the sake of higher social status and more respect from others.
From my perspective, in order to make the decision as rational as possible, college graduates should make their choices based mostly on their own interests and abilities rather than on the conventional judgment on different jobs. As a matter of fact, it’s your passion and contributions to the society that guarantee your job satisfaction.
migrant workers字面意思为流动工人，是对农民工的委婉表达。squeeze with sweats to keep a foothold表示挥汗挤入求职市场以获得立足之地。depict表示描述，近义词还有show、 display、 demonstrate。affect表示影响，但通常表达不好的影响。hierarchy是等级的意思。social status 表示社会地位。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on Green Consumption. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
Nowadays, a green wave of consumerism has swept through China. An increasing number of people tend to consider environmental issues while purchasing products.
However, there are still many consuming deeds in our daily life, making it difficult to further promote green consumerism. For example, lack of economic sense have already lead to a massive waste of food, water, and other reusable materials, which not only consumed lots of products, but resulted in a sharp increase of greenhouse gases. Furthermore, many people still tend to use plastic bags rather than using a reusable cloth bag at the supermarket.
The following ways can be employed to help push ahead with green consumerism. Firstly, the government is supposed to take measures to let consumers be well-informed of specific and practical ways to reduce their own greenhouse gas emission and know exactly how eco-friendly one certain consumer behavior is. Secondly, the manufacturers should strive to change consumers’ negative perception of their environmentally friendly products, many of which suffer an image problem. Thirdly, technological advances and government subsidies should be combined to cut the high price which poses the largest barrier to buying green products. Finally, more varieties of eco-friendly products should be developed to meet consumers’ increasing demands.
sweep through 可指 (事件、思想、信仰)迅速传播, 席卷, 文中用来表达绿色消费热潮席卷整个中国。a massive waste of sth. 表示大量浪费某物。greenhouse gases意为温室气体，还有greenhouse effect，表示温室效应。plastic bags 和a reusable cloth bag 这里形成对比，一个指塑料袋，一个指可重复使用的布袋子，是环保高频词汇。push ahead with意为推动、推进，常与reform、initiative、scheme、plan等搭配。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled How to Protect Privacy on Internet. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
With the applications of computer network, Internet privacy violations occur more frequently. The problem has caused people’s concern.
Leakage of personal information online had led to widespread harassment across the country. Many people claimed they had been frequently harassed by anonymous messages, phone calls and spam after they filled out forms online that required personal information. Private information leakage, in more serious cases, threatens netizens’ property security. Some lawbreakers swindled netizens out of their savings. What’s worse, lawbreakers could abduct children and women through stealing their individual personal information. Recently, some criminal cases of abducting and trafficking women and children happened because victims’ personal information had leaked on Wechat.
The governments should develop and implement more rigorous procedures and safeguards to protect people’s personal information. Most important of all, Internet users should be aware of the importance of protecting privacy and do not divulge privacy on Internet. Moreover, in order to have a safer Web experience, it is quite beneficial to take the time to read user agreements, set security features, add software and get a broad knowledge of many essential network security techniques.
violation指侵犯，动词为violate, 可以跟的宾语有one’s interests。harass意为骚扰, 折磨。anonymous messages 指匿名信息。spam指垃圾邮件、电邮广告。 匿名信件、垃圾邮件、电话推销都是网上个人信息泄露后最常遇到的骚扰形式。netizen由单词citizen和net 结合而来，指网络用户。lawbreaker是犯法者。swindle 指欺诈获取。在表达绑架诱拐时，abduct和traffick为高频词汇，受害人为victim。leak表示泄露，既可以泄露机密，也可以泄露气体、液体，如leak top secrets, leak poisonous gases。divulge在这里是leak的同义词，表示泄露。